In the King of Prussia – first plowshares trial

IN THE KING OF PRUSSIA: THE TRIAL OF THE PLOWSHARES 8
takes us back to 1982 with Emile de Antonio’s portrayal of the Plowshares 8 civil disobedience at General Electric’s nuclear weapons plant in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. The defendants play themselves. Martin Sheen plays the judge in the movie.

This is the first plowshares trials. Since then, more than hundreds plowshares groups have used hammers to disarm weapons in the U.S., Sweden, Germany, England, Scotland, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand and Australia.

Deleuze and becoming resistance

Deleuze quotes related to postprotest resistance collected and edited by Per Herngren

Becoming2 Ploughshares

SAAB Microwave Becoming2 Ploughshares were arrested for disarming military radar and parts of Test Range at SAAB Micowaves in Sweden
Thursday June 26, 2008

”Becoming2” (like a mathematical ‘becoming-squared’) in the middle of our name might look strange,” says Per Herngren. “During the ploughshares action, we worked together with Deleuze philosophers from Gothenburg University in Sweden. We were during one day plugged into each other. Together we examined how resistance and Deleuze’s philosophy will intensify each other. Deleuze highlights the double becoming rather than being: To become becoming, rather than to become something. To produce production rather than isolated actions! Resistance and philosophy are ongoing processes giving no final result. Deleuze forces us in the ploughshares to avoid thinking in “means and ends”, or the Big Action. An action are not the destination, but rather where we get on the train. For Deleuze resistance is about movement, speed, rest, slowness and intensity.”

Email: Per.Herngren ( at ) gmail.com

Becoming

“becoming is creation” Thousand Plateaus p 106

“A becoming is not a correspondence between relations. But neither is it a resemblance, an imitation, or, at the limit, an identification.” Thousand Plateaus p 237

“Above all, becoming does not occur in the imagination” “They are perfectly real.” “Becoming produces nothing other than itself. We fall into a false alternative if we say that you either imitate or you are. What is real is the becoming itself” “it is in the domain of symbioses that bring into play beings of totally different scales and kingdoms, with no possible filiation.” “Becoming is involutionary, involution is creative.” Thousand Plateaus p 238

“Becoming is certainly not imitating, or identifying with something; neither is it regressing-progressing; neither is it corresponding, establishing corresponding relations; neither is it producing, producing a filiation or producing through filiation. Becoming is a verb with a consistency all its own; it does not reduce to, or lead back to, appearing,” Thousand Plateaus p 239

“powers (puissances) of becoming that belong to a different realm from that of Power (Pouvoir) and Domination” Thousand Plateaus p 106

“become operative and lines of deterritorialization positive and absolute, forming strange new becomings, new polyvocalities. Become clandestine, make rhizome everywhere, for the wonder of a nonhuman life to be created.” Thousand Plateaus p 191

“to have dismantled love in order to become capable of loving. To have dismantled one’s self in order finally to be alone and meet the true double at the other end of the line. A clandestine passenger on a motionless voyage.” Thousand Plateaus p 197

“The genius is someone who knows how to make everybody/the whole world a becoming” Thousand Plateaus p 200

“becoming-molecular that undermines the great molar powers of family, career, and conjugality” Thousand Plateaus p 233

“Although there is no preformed logical order to becomings and multiplicities, there are criteria, and the important thing is that they not be used after the fact, that they be applied in the course of events, that they be sufficient to guide us through the dangers.” Thousand Plateaus p 251

Innovations

“a philosopher is not only someone who invents notions, he also perhaps invents ways of perceiving.” Cours Vincennes – January 24, 1978

Assemblage

“What is an assemblage? It is a multiplicity which is made up of many heterogeneous terms and which establishes liasions, relations between them, across ages, sexes and reigns–different natures. Thus, the assemblage’s only unity is that of co-functioning: it is symbiosis, a “sympathy.” It is never filiations which are important, but alliances, alloys; these are not successions, lines of descent, but contagions, epidemics, the wind.” Deleuze and Parnet, 1977, 69

“An assemblage is precisely this increase in the dimensions of a multiplicity that necessarily changes in nature as it expands its connections.” Thousand Plateaus p 8

Multiplicity

“it is only when the multiple is effectively treated as a substantive, “multiplicity,” that it ceases to have any relation to the One as subject or object, natural or spiritual reality, image and world. Multiplicities are rhizomatic, and expose arborescent pseudomultiplicities for what they are. There is no unity to serve as a pivot in the object, or to divide in the subject. There is not even the unity to abort in the object or “return” in the subject. A multiplicity has neither subject nor object, only determinations, magnitudes, and dimensions that cannot increase in number without the multiplicity changing in nature (the laws of combination therefore increase in number as the multiplicity grows).” Thousand Plateaus p 8

“This is not surprising, since becoming and multiplicity are the same thing. A multiplicity is defined not by its elements, nor by a center of unification or comprehension. It is defined by the number of dimensions it has; it is not divisible, it cannot lose or gain a dimension without changing its nature.” Thousand Plateaus p 249

each multiplicity is already composed of heterogeneous terms in symbiosis, and that a multiplicity is continually transforming itself into a string of other multiplicities, according to its thresholds and doors.” Thousand Plateaus p 249

“Let us return to the story of multiplicity, for the creation of this substantive marks a very important moment. It was created precisely in order to escape the abstract opposition between the multiple and the one, to escape dialectics, to succeed in conceiving the multiple in the pure state, to cease treating it as a numerical fragment of a lost Unity or Totality or as the organic element of a Unity or Totality yet to come, and instead distinguish between different types of multiplicity.” Thousand Plateaus p 32

“All multiplicities are flat, in the sense that they fill or occupy all of their dimensions: we will therefore speak of a plane of consistency of multiplicities, even though the dimensions of this “plane” increase with the number of connections that are made on it.” Thousand Plateaus p 9

“When a multiplicity of this kind changes dimension, it necessarily changes in nature as well, undergoes a metamorphosis.” Thousand Plateaus p 21

“One of the essential characteristics of the dream of multiplicity is that each element ceaselessly varies and alters its distance in relation to the others.” Thousand Plateaus p 30

Rhizome

“A rhizome has no beginning or end; it is always in the middle, between things, interbeing, intermezzo. The tree is filiation, but the rhizome is alliance, uniquely alliance. The tree imposes the verb “to be,” but the fabric of the rhizome is the conjunction, “and. . . and.. . and. . .” This conjunction carries enough force to shake and uproot the verb “to be.” Thousand Plateaus p 24

“Perhaps one of the most important characteristics of the rhizome is that it always has multiple entryways Thousand Plateaus p 12

“any point of a rhizome can be connected to anything other, and must be. This is very different from the tree or root, which plots a point, fixes an order.” Thousand Plateaus p 7

“There are no points or positions in a rhizome, such as those found in a structure, tree, or root. There are only lines.” Thousand Plateaus p 8

“A rhizome may be broken, shattered at a given spot, but it will start up again on one of its old lines, or on new lines.” Thousand Plateaus p 9

“show at what point in the rhizome there form phenomena of massification, bureaucracy, leadership, fascization, etc., which lines nevertheless survive, if only underground, continuing to make rhizome in the shadows.” Thousand Plateaus p 14

“To be rhizomorphous is to produce stems and filaments that seem to be roots, or better yet connect with them by penetrating the trunk, but put them to strange new uses.” Thousand Plateaus p 15

“rhizomes also have their own, even more rigid, despotism and hierarchy” Thousand Plateaus p 15

“the rhizome is an acentered, nonhierarchical, nonsignifying system without a General and without an organizing memory or central automaton” Thousand Plateaus p 21

“Write, form a rhizome, increase your territory by deterritorialization, extend the line of flight to the point where it becomes an abstract machine covering the entire plane of consistency.” Thousand Plateaus p 11

“the rhizome, on the other hand, acts on desire by external, productive outgrowths.” Thousand Plateaus p 14

Affect

““we call affect any mode of thought which doesn’t represent anything. (…) what anybody would call affect or feeling, a hope for example, a pain, a love, this is not representational. There is an idea of the loved thing, to be sure, there is an idea of something hoped for, but hope as such or love as such represents nothing, strictly nothing.”” Cours Vincennes – January 24, 1978

““The whole discourse of representation is structured by analogical principles and thus Spinoza’s whole operation consists in making, in imposing a kind of assemblage of affects which implies likewise a critique of representation”” Cours Vincennes – January 14, 1974

““definition of the affect, the affect: what every affection envelops, (…) is the passage, it is the lived passage from the preceding state to the current state, or of the current state to the following state.”” Cours Vincennes – January 20, 1981

““the affect is not reducible to an intellectual comparison of ideas, affect is constituted by the lived transition or lived passage”” Cours Vincennes – January 24, 1978

““the whole problem of reason will be converted by Spinoza into a special case of the more general problem of the affects. Reason indicates a certain type of affect.”” Cours Vincennes – December 12, 1980

““I don’t see the necessity of having recourse to the word “feeling” since French offers the word “affect.” Thus when I use the word “affect” it refers to Spinoza’s affectus, and when I say the word “affection,” it refers to affectio.”” Cours Vincennes – January 24, 1978

““affectio: composition or decomposition between things.”” Cours Vincennes – January 20, 1981

““you will not be defined by your form, by your organs, by your organism, by your genus or by your species, tell me the affections of which you are capable and I’ll tell you who you are. Of what affects are you capable?”” Cours Vincennes – January 14, 1974

““Then there’s no longer just an effort to do: in any case, it’s not necessary to believe that power [pouvoir] means a possibility that might not be fulfilled. Power [puissance] and degrees of power, this is no longer the Aristotelian world which is a world of analogy, it’s not power which is distinguised from the act. The power of being affected, in any case, is or will be fulfilled, is fulfilled at each instant; it’s necessarily fulfilled, and why? It’s necessarily fulfilled at each instant by virtue of the variable assemblages into which it enters. That is, the affect is the manner in which a degree of power is necessarily actualized [effectuÈ] as a function of the assemblages into which the individual or the thing enters.”” Cours Vincennes – January 14, 1974

““What Nietzsche calls affect‚ is exactly the same thing as what Spinoza calls affect, it is on this point that Nietzsche is Spinozist, that is, it is the decreases or increases of power (puissance). They have in fact something which doesn’t have anything to do with whatever conquest of a power (pouvoir)”” Cours Vincennes – January 20, 1981

“”desire does not comprise any lack; neither is it a natural given; it is but one with an assemblage of heterogenous elements which function; it is process, in contrast with structure or genesis; it is affect, as opposed to feeling; it is “haecceity” (individuality of a day, a season, a life), as opposed to subjectivity; it is event, as opposed to thing or person. And above all it implies the constitution of a field of immanence”” Desire & Pleasure, notes on Foucault, 1997, Chapter G.

““When, on the contrary, you are affected with joyful affects, the power of the thing which affects you with joyful affects and your own power are combined and added so that your power of acting, for that same power of being affected which is your own, is increased.”” Cours Vincennes – January 14, 1974

““I would not say that the affects signal the decreases or increases of power, I would say that the affects are the decreases and the increases of lived power.”” Cours Vincennes – January 20, 1981

““The most beautiful thing is to live on the edges, at the limit of her/his own power of being affected”” Cours Vincennes – January 24, 1978

““But a body must be defined by the ensemble of relations which compose it, or, what amounts to exactly the same thing, by its power of being affected.”” Cours Vincennes – January 24, 1978

““power of being affected (…) can be actualized in such a way that the power of acting diminishes to infinity or alternatively the power of acting increases” “A power of being affected is really an intensity or threshold of intensity.”” Cours Vincennes – January 24, 1978

“If “I’m not the cause of my own affects, they are produced in me by something else: I am therefore passive”” Cours Vincennes – January 24, 1978

Society

“We see no reason in fact for accepting the postulate that underlies exchangist notions of society; society is not first of all a milieu for exchange where the essential would be to circulate or to cause to circulate, but rather a socius of inscription where the essential thing is to mark or to be marked. There is circulation only if inscription requires or permits it.” Anti-Oidipus p 142

Abstract machine

“An abstract machine in itself is not physical or corporeal, any more than it is semiotic; it is diagrammatic.” “The abstract machine does not function to represent, but rather constructs a real that is yet to come, a new type of reality.” Thousand Plateaus p 141-142.

Social machine

“The social machine is literally a machine, irrespective of any metaphor, inasmuch as it exhibits an immobile motor and undertakes a variety of interventions: flows are set apart, elements are detached” Anti-Oedipus p 141-42

Self

“But the question is whether it is necessary to find oneself. Thousand Plateaus p 156

Body

“We know nothing about a body until we know what it can do, in other words, what its affects are, how they can or cannot enter into composition with other affects, with the affects of another body, either to destroy that body or to be destroyed by it, either to exchange actions and passions with it or to join with it in composing a more powerful body.” Thousand Plateaus p 257

Exteriority

“The philosopher Eugene Dupreel” (…) “demonstrated that life went not from a center to an exteriority but from an exterior to an interior, or rather from a discrete or fuzzy aggregate to its consolidation. This implies three things. First, that there is no beginning from which a linear sequence would derive, but rather densifications, intensifications, reinforcements, injections, showerings” Thousand Plateaus p 328

“The problem is that the exteriority of the war machine in relation to the State apparatus is everywhere apparent but remains difficult to conceptualize. It is not enough to affirm that the war machine is external to the apparatus. It is necessary to reach the point of conceiving the war machine as itself a pure form of exteriority” Thousand Plateaus p 353

“For example, a commercial organization is also a band of pillage, or piracy, for part of its course and in many of its activities; or it is in bands that a religious formation begins to operate. What becomes clear is that bands, no less than worldwide organizations, imply a form irreducible to the State and that this form of exteriority …” Thousand Plateaus p 360

Language

“Language is not life; it gives life orders. Life does not speak; it listens and waits. Every order-word, even a father’s to his son, carries a little death sentence–a Judgment, as Kafka put it.” Thousand Plateaus p 76

Consistency

“The plane of consistency is the abolition of all metaphor; all that consists is Real.” Thousand Plateaus p 69

“The plane of consistency knows nothing of differences in level, orders of magnitude, or distances. It knows nothing of the difference between the artificial and the natural. It knows nothing of the distinction between contents and expressions, or that between forms and formed substances; these things exist only by means of and in relation to the strata.” Thousand Plateaus 69-70

Order

“Geographical areas can only harbour a sort of chaos, or, at best, extrinsic harmonies or an ecological order, temporary equilibriums between populations.” Thousand Plateaus p 48

Plateau

“We call a “plateau” any multiplicity connected to other multiplicities by superficial underground stems in such a way as to form or extend a rhizome.” Thousand Plateaus p 22

Strata

“stratum necessarily goes from layer to layer, and from the very beginning. It already has several layers. It goes from a center to a periphery, at the same time as the periphery reacts back upon the center to form a new center in relation to a new periphery. Flows constantly radiate outwards. There is an outgrowth and multiplication” Thousand Plateaus p 50

“The system of the strata thus has nothing to do with signifier or signified, base and superstructure, mind and matter. All of these are ways of reducing the strata to a single stratum, or of closing the system in on itself” Thousand Plateaus p 71-72

[Strata] “consist of giving form to matters, of imprisoning intensities or locking singularities into systems of resonance and redundancy, of producing upon the body of the earth molecules large and small and organizing them into molar aggregates. Strata are acts of capture,” Thousand Plateaus p 40

Deleuze links

Deleuze Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Surveillance without spies

Readings on Deleuze

The “postprotest” book by Deleuze is:

Gilles Deleuze, Nietzsche and Philosophy, trans. H. Tomlinson, New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.

Download Deleuze books

Reference

Quotes on this page are mostly from:

Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, A thousand plateaus: capitalism and schizophrenia, translation and foreword by Brian Massumi, University of Minnesota Press, 1987.

Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. R. Hurley, M. Seem, and H. Lane, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977.

More on civil disobedience and plowshares

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Ploughshares trial 2009
Hammering on military radar
Plowshares movement
Aspects of Visuality and Power
Nuclear Resister’s Becoming Ploughshares
Deleuze and becoming resistance
Pictures of the plowshares action
Classical theory of resistance
Postprotest by Per Herngren
Manual for civil disobedience

Blog

Per Herngren English

Kurdish, Polish, Arabic, Spanish, Dutch

Ploughshares in northern Europe

SAAB Microwave Becoming2 Ploughshares

disarmed military radar and parts of Test Range at SAAB Micowaves in Sweden
Thursday June 26, 2008

Per Herngren and Ulla Røder released after interrogation.

Per Herngren and Ulla Røder climbed over the fence at SAAB Microwave’s test range at Mölndal, Sweden on June 24 and 26, 2008, and planted fig trees in the area around the factory.  Using blacksmith hammers, they started to disarm military radar and parts of the test range.  They spoke to workers and guards about their intent until police arrived and arrested them half an hour later.

Read more
Pictures
of the ploughshares action

More on ploughshares and civil disobedience

Ploughshares trial 2009
Hammering on military radar
Plowshares movement
Aspects of Visuality and Power
Nuclear Resister’s Becoming Ploughshares
Deleuze and becoming resistance
Pictures of the plowshares action
Classical theory of resistance
Postprotest by Per Herngren
Manual for civil disobedience

Blog

Per Herngren English
Kurdish, Polish, Arabic, Spanish, Dutch

Nuclear Resister’s Becoming Ploughshares

The story by The Nuclear Resister on

SAAB Microwave Becoming2 Ploughshares

Per Herngren and Ulla Røder climbed over the fence at SAAB Microwave’s test range at Mölndal, Sweden on June 24 and 26, 2008, and planted fig trees in the area around the factory.  Using blacksmith hammers, they started to disarm military radar and parts of the test range.  They spoke to workers and guards about their intent until police arrived and arrested them half an hour later.

Charges may be filed in the coming weeks.  Herngren is already scheduled for trial with four others August 13 for participation in the August, 2007 Vine and Fig Trees action, also at SAAB Microwave. The pair have each spent over one year in prison for past Ploughshares and other anti-war actions.

“The word of the prophet Micah makes us move”, explains Røder. “We beat swords into ploughshares. We do not protest against the missile firing system of SAAB Microwave or the military radar system. We choose to drop the protest as it becomes reactive and negative. The time has come to intervene and become creative.”

“We do have the ability of direct intervention,” Røder believes. “It becomes a duty when there are violence and suffering in the world. We use nonviolence. Contrary to my friend Per, I do not believe that we are practicing civil disobedience, but rather upholding international law. It is SAAB Microwave which breaks the law delivering the missile firing system used during the war in Iraq.”

While preparing for the action, the disarmament activists collaborated with academic thinkers in the tradition of the 20th century French philosopher Gilles Deleuze.

“‘Becoming2‘ (like a mathematical ‘becoming-squared’) in the middle of our name might look strange,” says Herngren. “During the ploughshares action, we worked together with Deleuze philosophers from Gothenburg University in Sweden. We were during one day plugged into each other. Together we examined how resistance and Deleuze’s philosophy will intensify each other. Deleuze highlights the double becoming rather than being: To become becoming, rather than to become something.  To produce production rather than isolated actions! Resistance and philosophy are ongoing processes giving no final result. Deleuze forces us in the ploughshares to avoid thinking the Big Action. Actions are not the destination, but rather disobedience actions are where we get on the train. For Deleuze, resistance is about movement, speed, slowness and intensity.”

Further insight on the post-protest perspective is found in a 2005 essay, Beyond protest-resistance by Per Herngren and British ploughshares activist Stephen Hancock.  They wrote,  “…We discerned several elements to protesting: protesting is by definition against something rather than for; it involves a tone of complaint; it appeals to others – usually political leaders – to do something about the issue. Protest reinforces both our passivity and the hierarchy’s power. It leaves us, at the end of the day, with dog-eared placards and our fate still in the hands of distant leaders reassured by our protesting that they are the ones in power.”

The Nuclear Resister #149, July 3, 2008, p. 3

Per Herngren in front of the SAAB Microwave Test Range

‘one was born into this life to share the time that repeatedly exists between moments; the time of Becoming, before Being risks to confront one yet again with undefeated despair.’

John Berger

Per Herngren and Ulla Røder released after the interrogation.

Deleuze’s dictionary

  1. Becoming
  2. Innovations
  3. Assemblage
  4. Multiplicity
  5. Rhizome
  6. Affect
  7. Society
  8. Abstract machine
  9. Social machine
  10. Self
  11. Body
  12. Exteriority
  13. Language
  14. Consistency
  15. Order
  16. Plateau
  17. Strata

More on ploughshares and civil disobedience

Start
Ploughshares trial 2009

Hammering on military radar
Plowshares movement
Aspects of Visuality and Power
Nuclear Resister’s Becoming Ploughshares
Deleuze and becoming resistance
Pictures of the plowshares action
Classical theory of resistance
Postprotest by Per Herngren
Manual for civil disobedience

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Per Herngren English
Kurdish, Polish, Arabic, Spanish, Dutch

Ploughshares trial 2009

Invitation to

the SAAB Microwave Becoming2 Ploughshares trial
and the Hope & Resistance festival

31 March to 1st April, 2009, in Gothenburg, Sweden

On April 1st, 2009, Ulla Røder and Per Herngren will be standing trial for disarming parts of the test range and a military radar. The ploughshares disarmament happened on June 24 and 26, 2008, at Saab Microwave factories in Gothenburg, Sweden.

The ploughshares group calling themselves SAAB Microwave Becoming2 Ploughshares did their action together with Deleuze philosophy seminars in Gothenburg. The philosophers additionally took part in the intervention. Becoming resistance, becoming justice, and the becoming of becoming, are important parts of the philosophy of Deleuze.

Hope & Resistance Festival

A ploughshares trial is to create a resistance community – there are no spectators. Lizzie and Les from the British ploughshares will bring art tools to make the trial into an art workshop. The day before the trial we start with a party! So you are invited and welcome to participate in the Hope & Resistance Festival from March 31  – April 1st 2009 in Gothenburg, Sweden.  Please contact Per Herngren at the following email address: Contact: herngrenper(-at-)gmail.com.

Potluck and Resistance techniques in biology

In the potluck supper on March 31st, the evening before the trail starts, the biologist Adam Brenthel will be reflecting with us on “What can ploughshares learn from resistance in biology and in the body”. (this is regarding seed ideas like; cascades, creating niche spaces, implanting, singularities, non-linear dynamics, rhizome, etc.)

More from the disarmament action

See pictures and read more about the ploughshares disarmament at Microwave.

Organizers

The organisers of the disarmament intervention and the trial support come from the Fig-Tree Jona House Resistance Community in Gothenburg, Deleuze seminars and also the local Fellowship of Reconciliation, Sweden.

More on ploughshares and civil disobedience

Start
Ploughshares trial 2009
Hammering on military radar
Plowshares movement
Aspects of Visuality and Power
Nuclear Resister’s Becoming Ploughshares
Deleuze and becoming resistance
Pictures of the plowshares action
Classical theory of resistance
Postprotest by Per Herngren
Manual for civil disobedience

Blog

Per Herngren English
Kurdish, Polish, Arabic, Spanish, Dutch

Hammering on military radar

Press release June 26 2008

Ploughshares action in Sweden

With blacksmith hammers, Ulla Røder and Per Herngren disarmed a military radar and parts of the Test Range at SAAB Microwaves in Sweden, Tuesday June 24 and Thursday June 26, 2008.

The Ploughshares group calling themselves, SAAB Microwave Becoming2 Ploughshares were arrested inside SAAB Microwave after half an hour. Beside the disarmament they also planted figs and talked with workers and guards.

“The word of the prophet Micah makes us move”, explains Ulla Røder. “We beat swords into ploughshares. We do not protest against the missile firing system of SAAB Microwave or the military radar system. We choose to drop the protest as it becomes reactive and negative. The time has come to intervene and become creative.”

See the side bar for the words of Micah.

“ We do have the ability of direct intervention”, Ulla Røder believes. “It becomes a duty when there are violence and suffering in the world. We use nonviolence. Contrary to my friend Per, I do not believe that we are practicing civil disobedience, but rather upholding international law. It is SAAB Microwave which breaks the law delivering the missile firing system used during the war in Iraq.”

”Becoming2” (like a mathematical ‘becoming-squared’) in the middle of our name might look strange,” says Per Herngren. “During the ploughshares action, we worked together with Deleuze philosophers from Gothenburg University in Sweden. We were during one day plugged into each other. Together we examined how resistance and Deleuze’s philosophy will intensify each other. Deleuze highlights the double becoming rather than being: To become becoming, rather than to become something. To produce production rather than isolated actions! Resistance and philosophy are ongoing processes giving no final result. Deleuze forces us in the ploughshares to avoid thinking in “means and ends”, or the Big Action. An action are not the destination, but rather where we get on the train. For Deleuze resistance is about movement, speed, rest, slowness and intensity.”

Contact and information

Ulla Røder: bur200854 (at) hotmail.com Danish text.
Per Herngren: herngrenper (at) gmail.com
Per’s web pages
Per Herngren’s whole book Path of Resistance on internet.
Article on post protest

Innovations

Innovation 1: Use the fence to make a ladder with a few sticks!

Innovation 2: Ulla and Per used Pelle Strindlund’s innovation from 2006, cardboard for the barbed wire. Fold it and stick it to the barbs.

Innovation 3: Since their first disarmament 1980 the ploughshares learned to use blacksmith- or metal hammers. Not carpentry hammers, they break too easily.

In custody by the guard waiting for the police to arrive, and Sudan customers waiting to get into the factory.

Beating swords into ploughshares

““they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war. Each of them will sit under his vine And under his fig tree, With no one to make them afraid”,” Micah 4:3-4

This quote is found in the text traditions from Islam, Christianity, and Judaism.

Ulla Røder

Ulla Røder, 53, from Denmark, disarmed a test laboratory for the nuclear submarine Trident system at Loch Goil, Scotland in 1999 together with the Trident Three Ploughshares group. They won the trial. In the week before the war on Iraq in 2003 Ulla Røder disarmed a Tornado jet going to be used for the attack in Iraq. Ulla has spent more than a year in jail for these actions and other non-violent direct actions.

Per Herngren

Per Herngren served 15 months of a eight year sentence in the US having 1984, together with seven others in Pershing Plowshares, disarmed a Pershing II nuclear missile. During the first war on Iraq 1991, he and Gunfactory Plowshares disarmed two Carl Gustaf bazookas at FFV, Eskilstuna in Sweden. Together with people from Sweden and Germany Per Herngren initiated the Ploughshares movement in Europe in the mid eighties. He is 46 years old and lives in Fig Tree – a Jona House resistance community in Hammarkullen, Sweden. His books have been published in Swedish, Polish, and English.

The Ploughshares Movement

The Ploughshares have since 1980, disarmed hundreds of weapons, airplanes, helicopters, nuclear weapons, trident submarines. According to the estimated, and not scientific account of Per Herngren, the ploughshares movement has with blacksmith hammers disarmed more explosive powers than what have been used during all wars from the stone age until today.

More on ploughshares and civil disobedience

Start

Ploughshares trial 2009
Hammering on military radar
Plowshares movement
Aspects of Visuality and Power
Nuclear Resister’s Becoming Ploughshares
Deleuze and becoming resistance
Pictures of the plowshares action
Classical theory of resistance
Postprotest by Per Herngren
Manual for civil disobedience

Blog

Per Herngren English
Kurdish, Polish, Arabic, Spanish, Dutch

Aspects of Visuality and Power

meditations on Saab Microwave Becomming2 Ploughshares
by Adam Brentel

The Deleuze & Guattari Thousands Plateaus seminar was plugged-into a Ploughshares action in Mölndal near Gothenburg the 26th of June 2008. It was a post-protest[1] action to disarm radar systems used in warfare in for example Iraq and Afghanistan; the goal for the Ploughshares action was to get into the test range area at the site and transform arms to non-arms, in the vocabulary of the group with reference to the bible – turn weapons into ploughshares.

Micah 4:3-4

(New International Version (NIV) Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society)

3 He will judge between many peoples

and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide.

They will beat their swords into plowshares

and their spears into pruning hooks.

Nation will not take up sword against nation,

nor will they train for war anymore.

4 Every man will sit under his own vine

and under his own fig tree,

and no one will make them afraid,

for the LORD Almighty has spoken.

The two groups met up and connected in a café in central Gothenburg to have a breakfast coffee and discuss the action of the day; we were five persons present, the two activists and three from the seminar out of which two would leave and then join later in the day. The writer of this text functioned as a connector between the groups, functioning somewhere on the line between two points as we strived towards the smooth. Together we became a war machine for a couple of hours, mowing out from our seminar room to the test range of SAAB Microwave to disarm weapons – the question was and still is whether it was on the symbolic or on a material plane – on the plane of expression or consistency.

The three of us took tram no.4 to Mölndal around 11 o’clock, on the walk from the tram stop to the site the two activists picked up wooden sticks from a pile of construction junk, it was to become a ladder for climbing the fence. They had been there two days earlier to prepare and practice, they had even entered the area to do some damage to the Test Range building in order to secure success. Cardboard had been piled up in the bushes surrounding the area to be used protect their bodies from the barbed wire that tops the fence they where about to climb. The two groups, the two activists, and me disconnected a hundred meter from the place where they were to climb the fence at 11.50, I followed the action from a distance, trying to blend into the milieu socially, but as I had a wooden footstool and thermos with coffee with me it was hard, business people and engineers do not stroll around the area, it is not a leisure area but a military protection compound. I decided to have a sit at the loading platform of SAMHALL, I looked less suspicious there with my footstool and thermos with coffee.

People showed up as they started to build the latter from the sticks by sticking them into a corner of the fence, as it was lunchtime, first the two seemed anxious about it but when the first couple of white-collar workers had passed without taking notice they carried on in the most of natural ways. Many workers going to lunch passed by, some of them seemed curious, maybe even enjoyed by the strange event taking place; was it a performance by artists, ploughshare activists or where they workers from SAMHALL arranging a pick nick, who could tell?

Five minutes later, when finally going over the fence, a man called the guard on his mobile phone, he hesitated for a while and then made the call – “someone is going of the fence in west” he said, actually it was in east of the building, I was walking by the group as he made the call, then they walked on. It took another 13 minutes before the guard arrived, not in a hurry but calmly passing me by.

It is prohibited to take photos of the test range making it problematic to follow with camera without committing an offence. I was disconnected from the activist group, still I took some photos of what happened, even though it is illegal, it seemed safe and now I have confessed it too, and no one was really there to bother either. Eniro.se has also taken photo of the building and published it on their internet site, the same building that is illegal to photo from the ground is legal to photo from above? They have even pixelated the most sensitive part of the area in order to focus the attention to it. I can only conclude that the photos I took are already visible on www.eniro.se, but from a more interesting perspective.

SAABmap

Figure 1 shows a screen saving from eniro.se outlook mode. The test range area is pixelated but it was the building above it was the target of the post-protest action. They climbed the fence east of the building. The interrogation took place at the main entrance of Saab Microwave.

The tension between symbolic and practical and the lack of interest both from the workers, the guard and later on the police is interesting and must be analysed from a power perspective, what does it mean and what really happened that day, what effects and affects will there be?

Inside the fence but outside the test range building the activists found a radar parabola on the ground at the same time as the guard found them, they had already planted figs now the embarked on turning the parabola into something else, at least making it less useful in warfare. They did their work then they shook his hand and introduced themselves. They where allowed to make phone calls to inform the outside that they where caught on the inside. One single police arrived about 15 minutes later.

Adam Brentel
October 21, 2008

Adam Brentel is a Deleuze philosopher in Gothenburg

Endnotes

[1] http://ickevald.net/perherngren/postprotest_per_herngren.htm

Deleuze’s dictionary

  1. Becoming
  2. Innovations
  3. Assemblage
  4. Multiplicity
  5. Rhizome
  6. Affect
  7. Society
  8. Abstract machine
  9. Social machine
  10. Self
  11. Body
  12. Exteriority
  13. Language
  14. Consistency
  15. Order
  16. Plateau
  17. Strata

Links to plowshares

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Ploughshares trial 2009

Hammering on military radar
Plowshares movement
Aspects of Visuality and Power
Nuclear Resister’s Becoming Ploughshares
Deleuze and becoming resistance
Pictures of the plowshares action
Classical theory of resistance
Postprotest by Per Herngren
Manual for civil disobedience

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Pictures: SAAB Microwave Becoming² Ploughshares civil disobedience at SAAB Microwave

SAAB Microwave Becoming² Ploughshares
June 26 juni, 2008

Ulla Røder and Per Herngren climbed over the fence at SAAB Microwave’s test range at Mölndal, Sweden on June 24 and 26, 2008, and planted fig trees in the area around the factory.  Using blacksmith hammers, they started to disarm military radar and parts of the test range.  They spoke to workers and guards about their intent until police arrived and arrested them half an hour later. The ploughshares action were a cooperation between the ploughshares group and Deleuze philosophers from Gothenburg University in Sweden. They were during one day plugged into each other.